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What is stress? 

Stress is the body’s natural defence against predators and danger, commonly known as the flight or fight response. This causes hormones to be released into the body that help evade or confront danger. 

Some of these symptoms include:

  • Elevated blood pressure and heart rate 
  • Increased alertness 
  • Muscle preparedness 

These factors improve a response to a certain situation that jay be hazardous or challenging. 

There are three different types of stress:

  • Routine: childcare, financial, work responsibilities
  • Sudden: family bereavement or a job loss
  • Traumatic: major event ie war or assault 

Acute stress is the most common form of stress and occurs in the short term and develops where people consider an event recently occurred or in the near future such as a job interview. 

Chronic stress develops over a long period and is more harmful. This can effect respiratory, MSK, reproductive and cardiovascular problems. This may occur from a traumatic event. 

Being in a constant state of stress can increase the risk of a person developing significant physical and mental health disorders such as depression, heart disease, chronic MSK conditions.

Managing stress

Stress is something that is not going to completely go away but there are multiple lifestyle changes that we can use in combination to reduce feelings of pressure, stress and being overwhelmed

  • Exercise
  • Reducing alcohol, smoking and caffeine intake 
  • Improving your eating habits 
  • Planning and scheduling your time 
  • Managing priorities 
  • Socialising 
  • Talking to people close to you 
  • Acknowledging that you are struggling and taking action